2. ustr.gov/about-us/policy-offices/press-office/press-releases/2019/december/ambassador-lighthizer-lauds-japan#. 9. www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/president-donald-j-trump-secured-tremendous-victory-american-farmers-businesses-new-japan-trade-agreements/. In accordance with other bilateral free trade agreements, Schedule II of the trade agreement contains the rules of origin and origin to determine whether a product can benefit from preferential treatment. For the purposes of the trade agreement, a property originates in Japan if it meets one of the following criteria: after its implementation, the agreement signed today brings American pork back on an equal footing with our competitors in Japan. Within four months of its implementation, President Trump and Prime Minister Abe will relocate their efforts for a broader trade deal. This broader agreement aims to cover both tariff and non-tariff barriers, including tariffs and restrictions on trade in services and investment. U.S. President Donald Trump signed a proclamation on December 26, 2019, in which he implemented two separate trade agreements with Japan (together the agreements) 1.

The U.S.-Japan trade agreement (trade agreement) will abolish or reduce tariffs on agricultural and industrial products and set preferential quotas for U.S. products. The Digital Trade Agreement between the United States and Japan is a separate agreement between the two countries, which will provide guidance for priority areas of digital trade. The agreements came into force on January 1, 2020 and are expected to serve as the basis for further negotiations for a broader free trade agreement between the United States and Japan2. The United States looks forward to continuing negotiations with Japan for a comprehensive agreement that would address the remaining tariff and non-tariff barriers and ensure fairer and more balanced trade. The Digital Trade Agreement is a separate agreement that sets rules in the digital space.15 The content of the Digital Trade Agreement is virtually the same as the provisions of the U.S.-Mexico-Canada agreement (USMCA). Notable provisions include a ban on tariffs on electronically transmitted content (e.g. B software and music) and the recognition of an electronic signature as a legally appropriate authentication tool. This is important as the World Trade Organization (WTO) electronic transfer moratorium is to be renewed at the 12th Ministerial Conference in June 2020 (see the next issue of EY tradewatch for a corresponding article).

6. EY Global Tax Alert, USTR grants new exclusions for lists 1, 2 and 3 for products originating in China; The United States and Japan agree on merchandise trade and digital trade from September 27, 2019. With this agreement, the United States and Japan have set a new global standard for digital commerce. 15. U.S. Customs and Border Services, CSMS #41149692, U.S.-Japan trade agreement: information on the request for preferential treatment. www.cbp.gov/trade/free-trade-agreements/japan. 8. ustr.gov/about-us/policy-offices/press-office/fact-sheets/2019/september/fact-sheet-agriculture%E2%80%90related#.

On October 7, 2019, USTR Robert Lighthizer and Japan`s Ambassador to the United States Shinsuke J. Sugiyama signed the U.S.-Japan trade agreement and the U.S.-Japan Digital Trade Agreement. Following national procedures, both agreements came into force on 1 January 2020. As announced in the joint statement of the United States and Japan of September 25, 2019, the United States and Japan intend to conclude consultations within four months of the U.S.-Japan trade agreement coming into force and then to open negotiations on tariffs and other trade restrictions, trade barriers and investment, and other issues, to promote mutually beneficial, fair and reciprocal trade for both parties.

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